Detects those for loops that have a loop variable with a “too small” type which means this type can’t represent all values which are part of the iteration range.

int main() {
  long size = 294967296l;
  for (short i = 0; i < size; ++i) {}

This for loop is an infinite loop because the short type can’t represent all values in the [0..size] interval.

In a real use case size means a container’s size which depends on the user input.

int doSomething(const std::vector& items) {
  for (short i = 0; i < items.size(); ++i) {}

This algorithm works for small amount of objects, but will lead to freeze for a a larger user input.