A common source of security bugs is code that opens a file without using the O_CLOEXEC flag. Without that flag, an opened sensitive file would remain open across a fork+exec to a lower-privileged SELinux domain, leaking that sensitive data. Open-like functions including open(), openat(), and open64() should include O_CLOEXEC in their flags argument.


open("filename", O_RDWR);
open64("filename", O_RDWR);
openat(0, "filename", O_RDWR);

// becomes

open("filename", O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC);
open64("filename", O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC);
openat(0, "filename", O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC);