Libc++ 13.0.0 Release Notes

Written by the Libc++ Team


This document contains the release notes for the libc++ C++ Standard Library, part of the LLVM Compiler Infrastructure, release 13.0.0. Here we describe the status of libc++ in some detail, including major improvements from the previous release and new feature work. For the general LLVM release notes, see the LLVM documentation. All LLVM releases may be downloaded from the LLVM releases web site.

For more information about libc++, please see the Libc++ Web Site or the LLVM Web Site.

Note that if you are reading this file from a Git checkout or the main Libc++ web page, this document applies to the next release, not the current one. To see the release notes for a specific release, please see the releases page.

What’s New in Libc++ 13.0.0?

  • Support for older compilers has been removed. Several additional platforms are now officially supported. Platform and Compiler Support contains the complete overview of platforms and compilers supported by libc++.

  • The large headers <algorithm>, <iterator>, and <utility> have been split in more granular headers. This reduces the size of included code when using libc++. This may lead to missing includes after upgrading to libc++13.

New Features

  • std::filesystem is now feature complete for the Windows platform using MinGW. MSVC isn’t supported since it lacks 128-bit integer support.

  • The implementation of the C++20 concepts library has been completed.

  • Several C++20 constexpr papers have been completed:

    • P0879R0 constexpr for std::swap() and swap related functions

    • P1032R1 Misc constexpr bits

    • P0883 Fixing Atomic Initialization

  • More C++20 features have been implemented. libc++ C++20 Status has the full overview of libc++’s C++20 implementation status.

  • More C++2b features have been implemented. libc++ C++2b Status has the full overview of libc++’s C++2b implementation status.

  • The CMake option LIBCXX_ENABLE_INCOMPLETE_FEATURES has been added. This option allows libc++ vendors to disable headers that aren’t production quality yet. Currently, turning the option off disables the headers <format> and <ranges>.

  • The documentation conversion from html to restructured text has been completed.

API and ABI Changes

  • There has been several changes in the tuple constructors provided by libc++. Those changes were made as part of an effort to regularize libc++’s tuple implementation, which contained several subtle bugs due to these extensions. If you notice a build breakage when initializing a tuple, make sure you properly initialize all the tuple elements - this is probably the culprit.

    In particular, the extension allowing tuples to be constructed from fewer elements than the number of elements in the tuple (in which case the remaining elements would be default-constructed) has been removed. See

    Also, the extension allowing a tuple to be constructed from an array has been removed. See

  • The std::pointer_safety utility and related functions are not available in C++03 anymore. Furthermore, in other standard modes, it has changed from a struct to a scoped enumeration, which is an ABI break. Finally, the std::get_pointer_safety function was previously in the dylib, but it is now defined as inline in the headers.

    While this is technically both an API and an ABI break, we do not expect std::pointer_safety to have been used at all in real code, since we never implemented the underlying support for garbage collection.

  • The LIBCXXABI_ENABLE_PIC CMake option was removed. If you are building your own libc++abi from source and were using LIBCXXABI_ENABLE_PIC, please use CMAKE_POSITION_INDEPENDENT_CODE=ON instead.

  • When the header <variant> is included, it will no longer include <array> transitively.

  • The std::result_of and std::is_literal_type type traits have been removed in C++20 mode.

  • The C++20 type std::counted_semaphore<N> is now based on std::atomic on all platforms, and does not use “native” semaphores such as pthreads sem_t even on platforms that would support them. This changes the layout of counted_semaphore<N> notably on Linux, so it is an ABI break on that platform. This change is needed to conform to the Standard, which requires counted_semaphore’s constructor to be constexpr.