Moving LLVM Projects to GitHub

Current Status

We are planning to complete the transition to GitHub by Oct 21, 2019. See the GitHub migration status page for the latest updates and instructions for how to migrate your workflows.


This is a proposal to move our current revision control system from our own hosted Subversion to GitHub. Below are the financial and technical arguments as to why we are proposing such a move and how people (and validation infrastructure) will continue to work with a Git-based LLVM.

What This Proposal is Not About

Changing the development policy.

This proposal relates only to moving the hosting of our source-code repository from SVN hosted on our own servers to Git hosted on GitHub. We are not proposing using GitHub’s issue tracker, pull-requests, or code-review.

Contributors will continue to earn commit access on demand under the Developer Policy, except that that a GitHub account will be required instead of SVN username/password-hash.

Why Git, and Why GitHub?

Why Move At All?

This discussion began because we currently host our own Subversion server and Git mirror on a voluntary basis. The LLVM Foundation sponsors the server and provides limited support, but there is only so much it can do.

Volunteers are not sysadmins themselves, but compiler engineers that happen to know a thing or two about hosting servers. We also don’t have 24/7 support, and we sometimes wake up to see that continuous integration is broken because the SVN server is either down or unresponsive.

We should take advantage of one of the services out there (GitHub, GitLab, and BitBucket, among others) that offer better service (24/7 stability, disk space, Git server, code browsing, forking facilities, etc) for free.

Why Git?

Many new coders nowadays start with Git, and a lot of people have never used SVN, CVS, or anything else. Websites like GitHub have changed the landscape of open source contributions, reducing the cost of first contribution and fostering collaboration.

Git is also the version control many LLVM developers use. Despite the sources being stored in a SVN server, these developers are already using Git through the Git-SVN integration.

Git allows you to:

  • Commit, squash, merge, and fork locally without touching the remote server.

  • Maintain local branches, enabling multiple threads of development.

  • Collaborate on these branches (e.g. through your own fork of llvm on GitHub).

  • Inspect the repository history (blame, log, bisect) without Internet access.

  • Maintain remote forks and branches on Git hosting services and integrate back to the main repository.

In addition, because Git seems to be replacing many OSS projects’ version control systems, there are many tools that are built over Git. Future tooling may support Git first (if not only).

Why GitHub?

GitHub, like GitLab and BitBucket, provides free code hosting for open source projects. Any of these could replace the code-hosting infrastructure that we have today.

These services also have a dedicated team to monitor, migrate, improve and distribute the contents of the repositories depending on region and load.

GitHub has one important advantage over GitLab and BitBucket: it offers read-write SVN access to the repository ( This would enable people to continue working post-migration as though our code were still canonically in an SVN repository.

In addition, there are already multiple LLVM mirrors on GitHub, indicating that part of our community has already settled there.

On Managing Revision Numbers with Git

The current SVN repository hosts all the LLVM sub-projects alongside each other. A single revision number (e.g. r123456) thus identifies a consistent version of all LLVM sub-projects.

Git does not use sequential integer revision number but instead uses a hash to identify each commit.

The loss of a sequential integer revision number has been a sticking point in past discussions about Git:

  • “The ‘branch’ I most care about is mainline, and losing the ability to say ‘fixed in r1234’ (with some sort of monotonically increasing number) would be a tragic loss.” [LattnerRevNum]

  • “I like those results sorted by time and the chronology should be obvious, but timestamps are incredibly cumbersome and make it difficult to verify that a given checkout matches a given set of results.” [TrickRevNum]

  • “There is still the major regression with unreadable version numbers. Given the amount of Bugzilla traffic with ‘Fixed in…’, that’s a non-trivial issue.” [JSonnRevNum]

  • “Sequential IDs are important for LNT and llvmlab bisection tool.” [MatthewsRevNum].

However, Git can emulate this increasing revision number: git rev-list --count <commit-hash>. This identifier is unique only within a single branch, but this means the tuple (num, branch-name) uniquely identifies a commit.

We can thus use this revision number to ensure that e.g. clang -v reports a user-friendly revision number (e.g. master-12345 or 4.0-5321), addressing the objections raised above with respect to this aspect of Git.

What About Branches and Merges?

In contrast to SVN, Git makes branching easy. Git’s commit history is represented as a DAG, a departure from SVN’s linear history. However, we propose to mandate making merge commits illegal in our canonical Git repository.

Unfortunately, GitHub does not support server side hooks to enforce such a policy. We must rely on the community to avoid pushing merge commits.

GitHub offers a feature called Status Checks: a branch protected by status checks requires commits to be explicitly allowed before the push can happen. We could supply a pre-push hook on the client side that would run and check the history, before allowing the commit being pushed [statuschecks]. However this solution would be somewhat fragile (how do you update a script installed on every developer machine?) and prevents SVN access to the repository.

What About Commit Emails?

We will need a new bot to send emails for each commit. This proposal leaves the email format unchanged besides the commit URL.

Straw Man Migration Plan

Step #1 : Before The Move

  1. Update docs to mention the move, so people are aware of what is going on.

  2. Set up a read-only version of the GitHub project, mirroring our current SVN repository.

  3. Add the required bots to implement the commit emails, as well as the umbrella repository update (if the multirepo is selected) or the read-only Git views for the sub-projects (if the monorepo is selected).

Step #2 : Git Move

  1. Update the buildbots to pick up updates and commits from the GitHub repository. Not all bots have to migrate at this point, but it’ll help provide infrastructure testing.

  2. Update Phabricator to pick up commits from the GitHub repository.

  3. LNT and llvmlab have to be updated: they rely on unique monotonically increasing integer across branch [MatthewsRevNum].

  4. Instruct downstream integrators to pick up commits from the GitHub repository.

  5. Review and prepare an update for the LLVM documentation.

Until this point nothing has changed for developers, it will just boil down to a lot of work for buildbot and other infrastructure owners.

The migration will pause here until all dependencies have cleared, and all problems have been solved.

Step #3: Write Access Move

  1. Collect developers’ GitHub account information, and add them to the project.

  2. Switch the SVN repository to read-only and allow pushes to the GitHub repository.

  3. Update the documentation.

  4. Mirror Git to SVN.

Step #4 : Post Move

  1. Archive the SVN repository.

  2. Update links on the LLVM website pointing to viewvc/klaus/phab etc. to point to GitHub instead.

GitHub Repository Description


The LLVM git repository hosted at contains all sub-projects in a single source tree. It is often referred to as a monorepo and mimics an export of the current SVN repository, with each sub-project having its own top-level directory. Not all sub-projects are used for building toolchains. For example, www/ and test-suite/ are not part of the monorepo.

Putting all sub-projects in a single checkout makes cross-project refactoring naturally simple:

  • New sub-projects can be trivially split out for better reuse and/or layering (e.g., to allow libSupport and/or LIT to be used by runtimes without adding a dependency on LLVM).

  • Changing an API in LLVM and upgrading the sub-projects will always be done in a single commit, designing away a common source of temporary build breakage.

  • Moving code across sub-project (during refactoring for instance) in a single commit enables accurate git blame when tracking code change history.

  • Tooling based on git grep works natively across sub-projects, allowing to easier find refactoring opportunities across projects (for example reusing a datastructure initially in LLDB by moving it into libSupport).

  • Having all the sources present encourages maintaining the other sub-projects when changing API.

Finally, the monorepo maintains the property of the existing SVN repository that the sub-projects move synchronously, and a single revision number (or commit hash) identifies the state of the development across all projects.

Building a single sub-project

Even though there is a single source tree, you are not required to build all sub-projects together. It is trivial to configure builds for a single sub-project.

For example:

mkdir build && cd build
# Configure only LLVM (default)
cmake path/to/monorepo
# Configure LLVM and lld
cmake path/to/monorepo -DLLVM_ENABLE_PROJECTS=lld
# Configure LLVM and clang
cmake path/to/monorepo -DLLVM_ENABLE_PROJECTS=clang

Outstanding Questions

Read-only sub-project mirrors

With the Monorepo, it is undecided whether the existing single-subproject mirrors (e.g. will continue to be maintained.

Read/write SVN bridge

GitHub supports a read/write SVN bridge for its repositories. However, there have been issues with this bridge working correctly in the past, so it’s not clear if this is something that will be supported going forward.

Monorepo Drawbacks

  • Using the monolithic repository may add overhead for those contributing to a standalone sub-project, particularly on runtimes like libcxx and compiler-rt that don’t rely on LLVM; currently, a fresh clone of libcxx is only 15MB (vs. 1GB for the monorepo), and the commit rate of LLVM may cause more frequent git push collisions when upstreaming. Affected contributors may be able to use the SVN bridge or the single-subproject Git mirrors. However, it’s undecided if these projects will continue to be maintained.

  • Using the monolithic repository may add overhead for those integrating a standalone sub-project, even if they aren’t contributing to it, due to the same disk space concern as the point above. The availability of the sub-project Git mirrors would addresses this.

  • Preservation of the existing read/write SVN-based workflows relies on the GitHub SVN bridge, which is an extra dependency. Maintaining this locks us into GitHub and could restrict future workflow changes.

Workflow Before/After

This section goes through a few examples of workflows, intended to illustrate how end-users or developers would interact with the repository for various use-cases.

Checkout/Clone a Single Project, with Commit Access


# direct SVN checkout
svn co llvm
# or using the read-only Git view, with git-svn
git clone
cd llvm
git svn init --username=<username>
git config svn-remote.svn.fetch :refs/remotes/origin/master
git svn rebase -l  # -l avoids fetching ahead of the git mirror.

Commits are performed using svn commit or with the sequence git commit and git svn dcommit.

Monorepo Variant

With the monorepo variant, there are a few options, depending on your constraints. First, you could just clone the full repository:

git clone

At this point you have every sub-project (llvm, clang, lld, lldb, …), which doesn’t imply you have to build all of them. You can still build only compiler-rt for instance. In this way it’s not different from someone who would check out all the projects with SVN today.

If you want to avoid checking out all the sources, you can hide the other directories using a Git sparse checkout:

git config core.sparseCheckout true
echo /compiler-rt > .git/info/sparse-checkout
git read-tree -mu HEAD

The data for all sub-projects is still in your .git directory, but in your checkout, you only see compiler-rt. Before you push, you’ll need to fetch and rebase (git pull –rebase) as usual.

Note that when you fetch you’ll likely pull in changes to sub-projects you don’t care about. If you are using sparse checkout, the files from other projects won’t appear on your disk. The only effect is that your commit hash changes.

You can check whether the changes in the last fetch are relevant to your commit by running:

git log origin/master@{1}..origin/master -- libcxx

This command can be hidden in a script so that git llvmpush would perform all these steps, fail only if such a dependent change exists, and show immediately the change that prevented the push. An immediate repeat of the command would (almost) certainly result in a successful push. Note that today with SVN or git-svn, this step is not possible since the “rebase” implicitly happens while committing (unless a conflict occurs).

Checkout/Clone Multiple Projects, with Commit Access

Let’s look how to assemble llvm+clang+libcxx at a given revision.


svn co llvm -r $REVISION
cd llvm/tools
svn co clang -r $REVISION
cd ../projects
svn co libcxx -r $REVISION

Or using git-svn:

git clone
cd llvm/
git svn init --username=<username>
git config svn-remote.svn.fetch :refs/remotes/origin/master
git svn rebase -l
git checkout `git svn find-rev -B r258109`
cd tools
git clone
cd clang/
git svn init --username=<username>
git config svn-remote.svn.fetch :refs/remotes/origin/master
git svn rebase -l
git checkout `git svn find-rev -B r258109`
cd ../../projects/
git clone
cd libcxx
git svn init --username=<username>
git config svn-remote.svn.fetch :refs/remotes/origin/master
git svn rebase -l
git checkout `git svn find-rev -B r258109`

Note that the list would be longer with more sub-projects.

Monorepo Variant

The repository contains natively the source for every sub-projects at the right revision, which makes this straightforward:

git clone
cd llvm-projects
git checkout $REVISION

As before, at this point clang, llvm, and libcxx are stored in directories alongside each other.

Commit an API Change in LLVM and Update the Sub-projects

Today this is possible, even though not common (at least not documented) for subversion users and for git-svn users. For example, few Git users try to update LLD or Clang in the same commit as they change an LLVM API.

The multirepo variant does not address this: one would have to commit and push separately in every individual repository. It would be possible to establish a protocol whereby users add a special token to their commit messages that causes the umbrella repo’s updater bot to group all of them into a single revision.

The monorepo variant handles this natively.

Branching/Stashing/Updating for Local Development or Experiments


SVN does not allow this use case, but developers that are currently using git-svn can do it. Let’s look in practice what it means when dealing with multiple sub-projects.

To update the repository to tip of trunk:

git pull
cd tools/clang
git pull
cd ../../projects/libcxx
git pull

To create a new branch:

git checkout -b MyBranch
cd tools/clang
git checkout -b MyBranch
cd ../../projects/libcxx
git checkout -b MyBranch

To switch branches:

git checkout AnotherBranch
cd tools/clang
git checkout AnotherBranch
cd ../../projects/libcxx
git checkout AnotherBranch

Monorepo Variant

Regular Git commands are sufficient, because everything is in a single repository:

To update the repository to tip of trunk:

git pull

To create a new branch:

git checkout -b MyBranch

To switch branches:

git checkout AnotherBranch


Assuming a developer is looking for a bug in clang (or lld, or lldb, …).


SVN does not have builtin bisection support, but the single revision across sub-projects makes it possible to script around.

Using the existing Git read-only view of the repositories, it is possible to use the native Git bisection script over the llvm repository, and use some scripting to synchronize the clang repository to match the llvm revision.

Monorepo Variant

Bisecting on the monorepo is straightforward, and very similar to the above, except that the bisection script does not need to include the git submodule update step.

The same example, finding which commit introduces a regression where clang-3.9 crashes but not clang-3.8 passes, will look like:

git bisect start releases/3.9.x releases/3.8.x
git bisect run ./

With the script being:


ninja clang || exit 125   # an exit code of 125 asks "git bisect"
                          # to "skip" the current commit

./bin/clang some_crash_test.cpp

Also, since the monorepo handles commits update across multiple projects, you’re less like to encounter a build failure where a commit change an API in LLVM and another later one “fixes” the build in clang.

Moving Local Branches to the Monorepo

Suppose you have been developing against the existing LLVM git mirrors. You have one or more git branches that you want to migrate to the “final monorepo”.

The simplest way to migrate such branches is with the tool at

Basic migration

Basic instructions for are in the Python script and are expanded on below to a more general recipe:

# Make a repository which will become your final local mirror of the
# monorepo.
mkdir my-monorepo
git -C my-monorepo init

# Add a remote to the monorepo.
git -C my-monorepo remote add upstream/monorepo

# Add remotes for each git mirror you use, from upstream as well as
# your local mirror.  All projects are listed here but you need only
# import those for which you have local branches.
my_projects=( clang
              polly )
for p in ${my_projects[@]}; do
  git -C my-monorepo remote add upstream/split/${p}${p}.git
  git -C my-monorepo remote add local/split/${p}${p}.git

# Pull in all the commits.
git -C my-monorepo fetch --all

# Run migrate-downstream-fork to rewrite local branches on top of
# the upstream monorepo.
   cd my-monorepo \
     refs/remotes/local \
     refs/tags \
     --new-repo-prefix=refs/remotes/upstream/monorepo \
     --old-repo-prefix=refs/remotes/upstream/split \
     --source-kind=split \

# Octopus-merge the resulting local split histories to unify them.

# Assumes local work on local split mirrors is on master (and
# upstream is presumably represented by some other branch like
# upstream/master).

git -C my-monorepo branch --no-track local/octopus/master \
  $(git -C my-monorepo merge-base refs/remotes/upstream/monorepo/master \
git -C my-monorepo checkout local/octopus/${my_local_branch}

for p in ${my_projects[@]}; do
  git -C my-monorepo branch ${subproject_branch} \
  if [[ "${p}" != "llvm" ]]; then
    subproject_branches+=( ${subproject_branch} )

git -C my-monorepo merge ${subproject_branches[@]}

for p in ${my_projects[@]}; do
  git -C my-monorepo branch -d ${subproject_branch}

# Create local branches for upstream monorepo branches.
for ref in $(git -C my-monorepo for-each-ref --format="%(refname)" \
                 refs/remotes/upstream/monorepo); do
  git -C my-monorepo branch upstream/${upstream_branch} ${ref}

The above gets you to a state like the following:

U1 - U2 - U3 <- upstream/master
  \   \    \
   \   \    - Llld1 - Llld2 -
    \   \                    \
     \   - Lclang1 - Lclang2-- Lmerge <- local/octopus/master
      \                      /
       - Lllvm1 - Lllvm2-----

Each branched component has its branch rewritten on top of the monorepo and all components are unified by a giant octopus merge.

If additional active local branches need to be preserved, the above operations following the assignment to my_local_branch should be done for each branch. Ref paths will need to be updated to map the local branch to the corresponding upstream branch. If local branches have no corresponding upstream branch, then the creation of local/octopus/<local branch> need not use git-merge-base to pinpoint its root commit; it may simply be branched from the appropriate component branch (say, llvm/local_release_X).

Zipping local history

The octopus merge is suboptimal for many cases, because walking back through the history of one component leaves the other components fixed at a history that likely makes things unbuildable.

Some downstream users track the order commits were made to subprojects with some kind of “umbrella” project that imports the project git mirrors as submodules, similar to the multirepo umbrella proposed above. Such an umbrella repository looks something like this:

 UM1 ---- UM2 -- UM3 -- UM4 ---- UM5 ---- UM6 ---- UM7 ---- UM8 <- master
 |        |             |        |        |        |        |
Lllvm1   Llld1         Lclang1  Lclang2  Lllvm2   Llld2     Lmyproj1

The vertical bars represent submodule updates to a particular local commit in the project mirror. UM3 in this case is a commit of some local umbrella repository state that is not a submodule update, perhaps a README or project build script update. Commit UM8 updates a submodule of local project myproj.

The tool at can be used to convert the umbrella history into a monorepo-based history with commits in the order implied by submodule updates:

U1 - U2 - U3 <- upstream/master
 \    \    \
  \    -----\---------------                                    local/zip--.
   \         \              \                                               |
  - Lllvm1 - Llld1 - UM3 -  Lclang1 - Lclang2 - Lllvm2 - Llld2 - Lmyproj1 <-'

The U* commits represent upstream commits to the monorepo master branch. Each submodule update in the local UM* commits brought in a subproject tree at some local commit. The trees in the L*1 commits represent merges from upstream. These result in edges from the U* commits to their corresponding rewritten L*1 commits. The L*2 commits did not do any merges from upstream.

Note that the merge from U2 to Lclang1 appears redundant, but if, say, U3 changed some files in upstream clang, the Lclang1 commit appearing after the Llld1 commit would actually represent a clang tree earlier in the upstream clang history. We want the local/zip branch to accurately represent the state of our umbrella history and so the edge U2 -> Lclang1 is a visual reminder of what clang’s tree actually looks like in Lclang1.

Even so, the edge U3 -> Llld1 could be problematic for future merges from upstream. git will think that we’ve already merged from U3, and we have, except for the state of the clang tree. One possible mitigation strategy is to manually diff clang between U2 and U3 and apply those updates to local/zip. Another, possibly simpler strategy is to freeze local work on downstream branches and merge all submodules from the latest upstream before running If downstream merged each project from upstream in lockstep without any intervening local commits, then things should be fine without any special action. We anticipate this to be the common case.

The tree for Lclang1 outside of clang will represent the state of things at U3 since all of the upstream projects not participating in the umbrella history should be in a state respecting the commit U3. The trees for llvm and lld should correctly represent commits Lllvm1 and Llld1, respectively.

Commit UM3 changed files not related to submodules and we need somewhere to put them. It is not safe in general to put them in the monorepo root directory because they may conflict with files in the monorepo. Let’s assume we want them in a directory local in the monorepo.

Example 1: Umbrella looks like the monorepo

For this example, we’ll assume that each subproject appears in its own top-level directory in the umbrella, just as they do in the monorepo . Let’s also assume that we want the files in directory myproj to appear in local/myproj.

Given the above run of, a recipe to create the zipped history is below:

# Import any non-LLVM repositories the umbrella references.
git -C my-monorepo remote add localrepo \
git fetch localrepo

subprojects=( clang clang-tools-extra compiler-rt debuginfo-tests libclc
              libcxx libcxxabi libunwind lld lldb llgo llvm openmp
              parallel-libs polly pstl )

# Import histories for upstream split projects (this was probably
# already done for the ```` run).
for project in ${subprojects[@]}; do
  git remote add upstream/split/${project} \
  git fetch umbrella/split/${project}

# Import histories for downstream split projects (this was probably
# already done for the ```` run).
for project in ${subprojects[@]}; do
  git remote add local/split/${project} \
  git fetch local/split/${project}

# Import umbrella history.
git -C my-monorepo remote add umbrella \
git fetch umbrella

# Put myproj in local/myproj
echo "myproj local/myproj" > my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt

# Rewrite history
  cd my-monorepo \
    refs/remotes/umbrella \
    --new-repo-prefix=refs/remotes/upstream/monorepo \
    --old-repo-prefix=refs/remotes/upstream/split \
    --revmap-in=monorepo-map.txt \
    --revmap-out=zip-map.txt \
    --subdir=local \
    --submodule-map=submodule-map.txt \

 # Create the zip branch (assuming umbrella master is wanted).
 git -C my-monorepo branch --no-track local/zip/master refs/remotes/umbrella/master

Note that if the umbrella has submodules to non-LLVM repositories, needs to know about them to be able to rewrite commits. That is why the first step above is to fetch commits from such repositories.

With --update-tags the tool will migrate annotated tags pointing to submodule commits that were inlined into the zipped history. If the umbrella pulled in an upstream commit that happened to have a tag pointing to it, that tag will be migrated, which is almost certainly not what is wanted. The tag can always be moved back to its original commit after rewriting, or the --update-tags option may be discarded and any local tags would then be migrated manually.

Example 2: Nested sources layout

The tool handles nested submodules (e.g. llvm is a submodule in umbrella and clang is a submodule in llvm). The file submodule-map.txt is a list of pairs, one per line. The first pair item describes the path to a submodule in the umbrella repository. The second pair item describes the path where trees for that submodule should be written in the zipped history.

Let’s say your umbrella repository is actually the llvm repository and it has submodules in the “nested sources” layout (clang in tools/clang, etc.). Let’s also say projects/myproj is a submodule pointing to some downstream repository. The submodule map file should look like this (we still want myproj mapped the same way as previously):

tools/clang clang
tools/clang/tools/extra clang-tools-extra
projects/compiler-rt compiler-rt
projects/debuginfo-tests debuginfo-tests
projects/libclc libclc
projects/libcxx libcxx
projects/libcxxabi libcxxabi
projects/libunwind libunwind
tools/lld lld
tools/lldb lldb
projects/openmp openmp
tools/polly polly
projects/myproj local/myproj

If a submodule path does not appear in the map, the tools assumes it should be placed in the same place in the monorepo. That means if you use the “nested sources” layout in your umrella, you must provide map entries for all of the projects in your umbrella (except llvm). Otherwise trees from submodule updates will appear underneath llvm in the zippped history.

Because llvm is itself the umbrella, we use –subdir to write its content into llvm in the zippped history:

# Import any non-LLVM repositories the umbrella references.
git -C my-monorepo remote add localrepo \
git fetch localrepo

subprojects=( clang clang-tools-extra compiler-rt debuginfo-tests libclc
              libcxx libcxxabi libunwind lld lldb llgo llvm openmp
              parallel-libs polly pstl )

# Import histories for upstream split projects (this was probably
# already done for the ```` run).
for project in ${subprojects[@]}; do
  git remote add upstream/split/${project} \
  git fetch umbrella/split/${project}

# Import histories for downstream split projects (this was probably
# already done for the ```` run).
for project in ${subprojects[@]}; do
  git remote add local/split/${project} \
  git fetch local/split/${project}

# Import umbrella history.  We want this under a different refspec
# so knows what it is.
git -C my-monorepo remote add umbrella \
git fetch umbrella

# Create the submodule map.
echo "tools/clang clang" > my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "tools/clang/tools/extra clang-tools-extra" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "projects/compiler-rt compiler-rt" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "projects/debuginfo-tests debuginfo-tests" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "projects/libclc libclc" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "projects/libcxx libcxx" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "projects/libcxxabi libcxxabi" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "projects/libunwind libunwind" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "tools/lld lld" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "tools/lldb lldb" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "projects/openmp openmp" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "tools/polly polly" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt
echo "projects/myproj local/myproj" >> my-monorepo/submodule-map.txt

# Rewrite history
  cd my-monorepo \
    refs/remotes/umbrella \
    --new-repo-prefix=refs/remotes/upstream/monorepo \
    --old-repo-prefix=refs/remotes/upstream/split \
    --revmap-in=monorepo-map.txt \
    --revmap-out=zip-map.txt \
    --subdir=llvm \
    --submodule-map=submodule-map.txt \

 # Create the zip branch (assuming umbrella master is wanted).
 git -C my-monorepo branch --no-track local/zip/master refs/remotes/umbrella/master

Comments at the top of describe in more detail how the tool works and various implications of its operation.

Importing local repositories

You may have additional repositories that integrate with the LLVM ecosystem, essentially extending it with new tools. If such repositories are tightly coupled with LLVM, it may make sense to import them into your local mirror of the monorepo.

If such repositories participated in the umbrella repository used during the zipping process above, they will automatically be added to the monorepo. For downstream repositories that don’t participate in an umbrella setup, the tool at can help with getting them into the monorepo. A recipe follows:

# Import downstream repo history into the monorepo.
git -C my-monorepo remote add myrepo
git fetch myrepo

my_local_tags=( refs/tags/release
                refs/tags/hotfix )

  cd my-monorepo \
    refs/remotes/myrepo \
    ${my_local_tags[@]} \
    --new-repo-prefix=refs/remotes/upstream/monorepo \
    --subdir=myrepo \

 # Preserve release branches.
 for ref in $(git -C my-monorepo for-each-ref --format="%(refname)" \
                refs/remotes/myrepo/release); do
   git -C my-monorepo branch --no-track myrepo/${branch} ${ref}

 # Preserve master.
 git -C my-monorepo branch --no-track myrepo/master refs/remotes/myrepo/master

 # Merge master.
 git -C my-monorepo checkout local/zip/master  # Or local/octopus/master
 git -C my-monorepo merge myrepo/master

You may want to merge other corresponding branches, for example myrepo release branches if they were in lockstep with LLVM project releases.

--tag-prefix tells to rename annotated tags with the given prefix. Due to limitations with, unannotated tags cannot be renamed ( considers them branches, not tags). Since the upstream monorepo had its tags rewritten with an “llvmorg-” prefix, name conflicts should not be an issue. --tag-prefix can be used to more clearly indicate which tags correspond to various imported repositories.

Given this repository history:

R1 - R2 - R3 <- master

The above recipe results in a history like this:

U1 - U2 - U3 <- upstream/master
 \    \    \
  \    -----\---------------                                         local/zip--.
   \         \              \                                                    |
  - Lllvm1 - Llld1 - UM3 -  Lclang1 - Lclang2 - Lllvm2 - Llld2 - Lmyproj1 - M1 <-'
                                                               R1 - R2 - R3  <-.
                                                                    ^           |
                                                                    |           |
                                                             myrepo-release/1   |

Commits R1, R2 and R3 have trees that only contain blobs from myrepo. If you require commits from myrepo to be interleaved with commits on local project branches (for example, interleaved with llvm1, llvm2, etc. above) and myrepo doesn’t appear in an umbrella repository, a new tool will need to be developed. Creating such a tool would involve:

  1. Modifying to optionally take a revlist directly rather than generating it itself

  2. Creating a tool to generate an interleaved ordering of local commits based on some criteria ( uses the umbrella history as its criterion)

  3. Generating such an ordering and feeding it to as a revlist

Some care will also likely need to be taken to handle merge commits, to ensure the parents of such commits migrate correctly.

Scrubbing the Local Monorepo

Once all of the migrating, zipping and importing is done, it’s time to clean up. The python tools use git-fast-import which leaves a lot of cruft around and we want to shrink our new monorepo mirror as much as possible. Here is one way to do it:

git -C my-monorepo checkout master

# Delete branches we no longer need.  Do this for any other branches
# you merged above.
git -C my-monorepo branch -D local/zip/master || true
git -C my-monorepo branch -D local/octopus/master || true

# Remove remotes.
git -C my-monorepo remote remove upstream/monorepo

for p in ${my_projects[@]}; do
  git -C my-monorepo remote remove upstream/split/${p}
  git -C my-monorepo remote remove local/split/${p}

git -C my-monorepo remote remove localrepo
git -C my-monorepo remote remove umbrella
git -C my-monorepo remote remove myrepo

# Add anything else here you don't need.  refs/tags/release is
# listed below assuming tags have been rewritten with a local prefix.
# If not, remove it from this list.

git -C my-monorepo for-each-ref --format="%(refname)" ${refs_to_clean[@]} |
  xargs -n1 --no-run-if-empty git -C my-monorepo update-ref -d

git -C my-monorepo reflog expire --all --expire=now

# might have gc running in the background.
while ! git -C my-monorepo \
  -c gc.reflogExpire=0 \
  -c gc.reflogExpireUnreachable=0 \
  -c gc.rerereresolved=0 \
  -c gc.rerereunresolved=0 \
  -c gc.pruneExpire=now \
  gc --prune=now; do

# Takes a LOOOONG time!
git -C my-monorepo repack -A -d -f --depth=250 --window=250

git -C my-monorepo prune-packed
git -C my-monorepo prune

You should now have a trim monorepo. Upload it to your git server and happy hacking!